As an adult, it is important to stay up to date with vaccines to lower your chances of getting sick. There are vaccines recommended for all adults, and some vaccines are needed especially if you are pregnant, have diabetes or other chronic conditions, or if you are a smoker. Vaccines are available from your primary care provider, OB-GYN, or local pharmacy. Learn more about the vaccines adults should have and the diseases they prevent.

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New RSV vaccines for adults ages 60 and older are now available. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved a vaccine against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) for older adults. Adults aged 60 and older may get a single dose of the vaccine based on discussions with their health care provider about whether RSV vaccination is right for them. Talk to your health care provider or click here to learn more

Did you know?

People 65 and over with Medicare Part D drug coverage now pay nothing out-of-pocket for even more recommended vaccines. Visit to learn more. 

What Adults Should Know About Vaccinations

Immunizations and Disease-Prevention

Vaccines are needed throughout an adult’s life to prevent disease. If you got all your vaccines as a child, the protection from some vaccines can wear off over time. You may also be at risk for other diseases due to your job, lifestyle, travel, or health conditions. Vaccines lower your chance of getting sick and spreading certain diseases. To learn more about why vaccines are important in your adult life, read 3 Important Reasons for Adults to Get Vaccinated.

Important Vaccines When Pregnant

Pregnant women should get flu, COVID-19 and whooping cough (also called Tdap) vaccines. Vaccines are an important part of a healthy pregnancy. Getting vaccines during your pregnancy can provide your newborn with some early disease protection. Pregnant women should get the flu vaccine, COVID-19 and whopping cough vaccine (also called Tdap). Your OB/GYN, midwife, or another healthcare professional may recommend other vaccines either before, during or after your pregnancy.

Get more information from the CDC

Vaccines You May Need and When

Talk to your health care provider to find out exactly which vaccines you may need based on your age, health conditions, job, travel and other factors. After you take the quiz, discuss the list with your doctor or health care professional.

Refer to the Immunization Schedule for current recommendations for adults based on age and health condition, including pregnancy.

Chronic Health and Immunization

Adults with COPD, asthma, heart disease or diabetes, may have unique vaccine needs. It is especially important for adults with chronic health conditions to be up-to-date on recommended vaccinations. For example, those with certain health conditions like chronic lung disease, diabetes or heart disease are more likely to get very sick from COVID-19; for these individuals, it is especially important to stay up-to-date with COVID-19 vaccines. Find out what you need to know about routine vaccines:

Health Care Personnel and Immunization

Health care personnel have unique vaccine needs. People working in health care settings who have the potential for exposure to patients and infectious material have certain vaccine needs. Refer to this summary of recommended vaccines and recommendations for health-care personnel. In short, vaccines are recommended for hepatitis B, influenza, MMR, varicella, tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis and meningococcal disease.

Learn more about immunization of health care personnel from the CDC

Immunization History and Records

Your doctor may have your vaccination history. If you do not have a vaccination record, now is a good time to start one. The Immunization Registry may also have a record of your vaccinations. For help finding your record, contact Immunization Registry User Support at 888-688-4667 or

Getting Immunized at a Pharmacy

You can get vaccinated at pharmacies in Vermont. Pharmacies in Vermont can vaccinate adults starting at age 18, and they can bill insurance. Ask the pharmacy questions about cost and billing. Enter your zip code in the Vaccine Finder to locate a pharmacy that provides vaccines near you.

State-Supplied Vaccines

The Vermont Immunization Program supplies some vaccines at no cost. The Vermont Immunization Program supplies primary care providers with all recommended vaccines for adults (except flu) 19–64 years of age. Although some health care providers may charge patients small fees for the administration of vaccine, Vermont supplies these vaccines to health care providers free of charge. People without health insurance may receive vaccines at no cost through the Health Department Local Offices. The program cannot currently provide vaccines for those 65 years and older, as Medicare doesn’t pay into the Vermont Vaccine Purchasing Program. Many providers have vaccines available for those 65 and older.

Visit your Local Health Office immunization webpage to learn more about scheduling an immunization appointment.

Contact Us

Contact your immunization public health nurse at your Local Health Office if you have questions about immunizations for adults. Or, you may contact the Immunization Program at or 802-863-7638.

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